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a演算法代碼c

發布時間: 2022-11-30 11:06:47

c語言問題試設計一個演算法,將A[0..n-1]中所有奇數移到偶數之前。我寫的代碼。老是報錯,求高手解答。

沒調過,但大部分幫你改過來了,應該沒大錯誤了,你稍微看看應該能搞定了!話說,你寫的代碼真的很難讀,得注意。還有盡量不要傳遞引用,改用指針。and申請了內存用完要釋放!!!
#include<stdio.h>
#include<stdlib.h>
#define LIST_INIT_SIZE 100
#define LISTINCREMENT 10
typedef int ElemType
#define OK 0
#define OVERFLOW 0

typedef struct
{
ElemType * elem;
int listsize;
}SqlList;

int InitList(SqlList &L)
{

L.listsize=LIST_INIT_SIZE;

for(int=0;i<L.listsize;i++)
{
L.elem[i]=i;
}
return OK;
}
int PaiXu(SqlList &L)
{
int i,k,temp;
for(i=0;i<L.listsize/2;i++)
{
if(L.elem[i]%2==0)
{ for(k=L.listsize-1;k>L.listsize/2-1;k--)
{
if(L.elem[k]%2==1)
{
temp=L.elem[i];
L.elem[i]=L.elem[k];
L.elem[k]=temp;
}
}
}
}
return Ok;
}

void DisList(SqlList &L)
{
int i=0;
while(L.elem[i])
{
printf("%n",L.elem[i]);
i++;
}
}

void main()
{
SqlList L;
L.elem=(ElemType *)malloc(LIST_INIT_SIZE*sizeof(ElemType));
if(!L.elem)
exit(OVERFLOW);
InitList(L);
PaiXu(L);
DisList(L);
if(L.elem!=NULL)
free(L.elem);

}

Ⅱ 用c語言或c++實現,用深度優先演算法,寬度優先演算法和A演算法求解把數碼問題,請高手幫忙寫出代碼

看著懂,寫出來就困難了

Ⅲ 排列組合中A和C的演算法怎麼算的,查了百度都不會,求詳細點的謝謝(高中)

排列數 A(n,m) ----------即 字母A右下角n 右上角m,表示n取m的排列數
A(n,m)=n!/(n-m)!=n*(n-1)*(n-2)*……*(n-m+1)
A(n,m)等於從n 開始連續遞減的 m 個自然數的積
n取m的排列數 A(n,m) 等於從n 開始連續遞減的 m 個自然數的積
例: A(7,3)=7*6*5=210
組合數 C(n,m) ----------即 字母C右下角n 右上角m,表示n取m的排列數
C(n,m)=n!/(m!*(n-m)!)=n*(n-1)*(n-2)*……*(n-m+1)/(1*2*3*……*m)
C(n,m)等於(從n 開始連續遞減的 m 個自然數的積)除以(從1開始連續遞增的 m 個自然數的積)
n選m的組合數 C(n,m) 等於(從n 開始連續遞減的 m 個自然數的積)除以(從1開始連續遞增的 m 個自然數的積)
例: C(7,3)=7*6*5/(1*2*3)=35

Ⅳ 求8數碼A或A*演算法(用C語言)

題目地址:http://acm.pku.e.cn/JudgeOnline/problem?id=1077

BFS:

#include <iostream>
using namespace std;
int fac[10]={1,1};
bool tflag[9];
struct bbit{
unsigned int val:4;
};
struct bbbit
{
unsigned int val:2;
};
struct Node
{
bbit s[9],pos;
int step;
bbbit path[21],tag;
int hashval()
{
int ret=0,i,j,tmp;
memset(tflag,false,sizeof(tflag));
for(i=0;i<8;i++)
{
tmp=0;
for(j=0;j<s[i].val;j++)
if(!tflag[j])
tmp++;
ret+=tmp*fac[8-i];
tflag[s[i].val]=true;
}
return ret;
}
bool up()
{
if(pos.val<=2)return false;
s[pos.val].val^=s[pos.val-3].val;
s[pos.val-3].val^=s[pos.val].val;
s[pos.val].val^=s[pos.val-3].val;
path[step].val=0;
pos.val-=3;
return true;
}
bool down()
{
if(pos.val>=6)return false;
s[pos.val].val^=s[pos.val+3].val;
s[pos.val+3].val^=s[pos.val].val;
s[pos.val].val^=s[pos.val+3].val;
path[step].val=1;
pos.val+=3;
return true;
}
bool left()
{
if(pos.val==0||pos.val==3||pos.val==6)return false;
s[pos.val].val^=s[pos.val-1].val;
s[pos.val-1].val^=s[pos.val].val;
s[pos.val].val^=s[pos.val-1].val;
path[step].val=2;
pos.val--;
return true;
}
bool right()
{
if(pos.val==2||pos.val==5||pos.val==8)return false;
s[pos.val].val^=s[pos.val+1].val;
s[pos.val+1].val^=s[pos.val].val;
s[pos.val].val^=s[pos.val+1].val;
path[step].val=3;
pos.val++;
return true;
}
bool operator==(const Node&x)const
{
int i;
for(i=0;i<9;i++)if(s[i].val!=x.s[i].val)return false;
return true;
}
}Q[362880],S,A,tmp,top;
struct Hash
{
bool d1,d2;
Node D;
}hash[362880];
inline void mkfac(){int i;for(i=2;i<=9;i++)fac[i]=fac[i-1]*i;}
inline int eval(char c){return c=='x'?0:c-'0';}
void o(Node x,Node y)
{
int i;
for(i=1;i<=x.step;i++)
{
switch(x.path[i].val)
{
case 0:putchar('u');break;
case 1:putchar('d');break;
case 2:putchar('l');break;
case 3:putchar('r');break;
}
}
for(i=y.step;i>=1;i--)
switch(y.path[i].val){
case 0:putchar('d');break;
case 1:putchar('u');break;
case 2:putchar('r');break;
case 3:putchar('l');break;
}
puts("");
}
int main()
{
char buf[11];
int i,t,l,r;
bool flag;
mkfac();
while(NULL!=gets(buf))
{
t=0;
for(i=0;i<=7;i++)A.s[i].val=i+1;A.s[8].val=0;A.pos.val=8;
for(i=0;buf[i];i++)
{
if(buf[i]==' ')continue;
S.s[t].val=eval(buf[i]);
if(S.s[t].val==0)
S.pos.val=t;
t++;
}
l=r=0;
flag=false;
for(i=0;i<362880;i++)hash[i].d1=hash[i].d2=false;
S.step=0;S.tag.val=1;
A.step=0;A.tag.val=2;
Q[r++]=S;//tag.val:1
Q[r++]=A;//tag.val:2
while(l<=r)
{
top=Q[l++];
top.step++;
tmp=top;
if(tmp.up())
{
if(tmp.tag.val==1)
{
if(!hash[t=tmp.hashval()].d1)
{
hash[t].d1=true;
Q[r++]=tmp;
if(hash[t].d2&&hash[t].D==tmp)
{
//find ans...
o(tmp,hash[t].D);
goto AA;
}
if(!hash[t].d2)hash[t].D=tmp;
}
}
else
{
if(!hash[t=tmp.hashval()].d2)
{
hash[t].d2=true;
Q[r++]=tmp;
if(hash[t].d1&&hash[t].D==tmp)
{
//find ans...
o(hash[t].D,tmp);
goto AA;
}
if(!hash[t].d1)hash[t].D=tmp;
}
}
}

tmp=top;
if(tmp.down())
{
if(tmp.tag.val==1)
{
if(!hash[t=tmp.hashval()].d1)
{
hash[t].d1=true;
Q[r++]=tmp;
if(hash[t].d2&&hash[t].D==tmp)
{
//find ans...
o(tmp,hash[t].D);
goto AA;
}
if(!hash[t].d2)hash[t].D=tmp;
}
}
else
{
if(!hash[t=tmp.hashval()].d2)
{
hash[t].d2=true;
Q[r++]=tmp;
if(hash[t].d1&&hash[t].D==tmp)
{
//find ans...
o(hash[t].D,tmp);
goto AA;
}
if(!hash[t].d1)hash[t].D=tmp;
}
}
}

tmp=top;
if(tmp.left())
{
if(tmp.tag.val==1)
{
if(!hash[t=tmp.hashval()].d1)
{
hash[t].d1=true;
Q[r++]=tmp;
if(hash[t].d2&&hash[t].D==tmp)
{
//find ans...
o(tmp,hash[t].D);
goto AA;
}
if(!hash[t].d2)hash[t].D=tmp;
}
}
else
{
if(!hash[t=tmp.hashval()].d2)
{
hash[t].d2=true;
Q[r++]=tmp;
if(hash[t].d1&&hash[t].D==tmp)
{
//find ans...
o(hash[t].D,tmp);
goto AA;
}
if(!hash[t].d1)hash[t].D=tmp;
}
}
}
tmp=top;
if(tmp.right())
{
if(tmp.tag.val==1)
{
if(!hash[t=tmp.hashval()].d1)
{
hash[t].d1=true;
Q[r++]=tmp;
if(hash[t].d2&&hash[t].D==tmp)
{
//find ans...
o(tmp,hash[t].D);
goto AA;
}
if(!hash[t].d2)hash[t].D=tmp;
}
}
else
{
if(!hash[t=tmp.hashval()].d2)
{
hash[t].d2=true;
Q[r++]=tmp;
if(hash[t].d1&&hash[t].D==tmp)
{
//find ans...
o(hash[t].D,tmp);
goto AA;
}
if(!hash[t].d1)hash[t].D=tmp;
}
}
}
}
AA:flag=true;
if(!flag)
puts("unsolvable");
}
return 0;
}

A*:

#include <iostream>
#include <queue>
using namespace std;
int fac[10]={1,1};
struct Node
{
int s[9],step,pos;
char path[501];
int hashval()
{
int ret=0,i,j,tmp;
bool flag[9];
memset(flag,false,sizeof(flag));
for(i=0;i<8;i++)
{
tmp=0;
for(j=0;j<s[i];j++)
if(!flag[j])
tmp++;
ret+=tmp*fac[8-i];
flag[s[i]]=true;
}
return ret;
}
bool up()
{
if(pos<=2)return false;
s[pos]^=s[pos-3];
s[pos-3]^=s[pos];
s[pos]^=s[pos-3];
path[step]='u';
pos-=3;
return true;
}
bool down()
{
if(pos>=6)return false;
s[pos]^=s[pos+3];
s[pos+3]^=s[pos];
s[pos]^=s[pos+3];
path[step]='d';
pos+=3;
return true;
}
bool left()
{
if(pos==0||pos==3||pos==6)return false;
s[pos]^=s[pos-1];
s[pos-1]^=s[pos];
s[pos]^=s[pos-1];
path[step]='l';
pos--;
return true;
}
bool right()
{
if(pos==2||pos==5||pos==8)return false;
s[pos]^=s[pos+1];
s[pos+1]^=s[pos];
s[pos]^=s[pos+1];
path[step]='r';
pos++;
return true;
}
bool operator==(const Node&x)const
{
int i;
for(i=0;i<9;i++)if(s[i]!=x.s[i])return false;
return true;
}
void show()
{
int i,j;
for(i=0;i<=6;i+=3,cout<<endl)
for(j=i;j<=i+2;j++)
cout<<s[j];
}
bool operator<(const Node&x)const
{
int la=0,lb=0,i;
for(i=0;i<8;i++)if(s[i]!=i+1)la++;la+=(s[8]!=0);
for(i=0;i<8;i++)if(x.s[i]!=i+1)lb++;lb+=(x.s[8]!=0);
return la>lb;
}
}S,A,tmp,top;
priority_queue<Node> Q;
bool hash[362880];
void mkfac(){int i;for(i=2;i<=9;i++)fac[i]=fac[i-1]*i;}
int eval(char c){return c=='x'?0:c-'0';}
void output(Node x)
{
int i;
for(i=1;i<=x.step;i++)
putchar(x.path[i]);
puts("");
}
int main()
{
char buf[11];
int i,t,l,r;
bool flag;
mkfac();
while(NULL!=gets(buf))
{
t=0;
for(i=0;i<=7;i++)A.s[i]=i+1;A.s[8]=0;A.pos=8;
for(i=0;buf[i];i++)
{
if(buf[i]==' ')continue;
S.s[t]=eval(buf[i]);
if(S.s[t]==0)
S.pos=t;
t++;
}
l=r=0;
flag=false;
memset(hash,false,sizeof(hash));
S.step=0;
while(!Q.empty())Q.pop();
Q.push(S);
while(!Q.empty())
{
top=Q.top();
Q.pop();
top.step++;
tmp=top;
if(tmp.up())
{
if(!hash[t=tmp.hashval()])
{
hash[t]=true;
Q.push(tmp);
if(tmp==A)
{
//find ans...
output(tmp);
goto AA;
}
}
}
tmp=top;
if(tmp.down())
{
if(!hash[t=tmp.hashval()])
{
hash[t]=true;
Q.push(tmp);
if(tmp==A)
{
//find ans...
output(tmp);
goto AA;
}
}
}
tmp=top;
if(tmp.left())
{
if(!hash[t=tmp.hashval()])
{
hash[t]=true;
Q.push(tmp);
if(tmp==A)
{
//find ans...
output(tmp);
goto AA;
}
}
}
tmp=top;
if(tmp.right())
{
if(!hash[t=tmp.hashval()])
{
hash[t]=true;
Q.push(tmp);
if(tmp==A)
{
//find ans...
output(tmp);
goto AA;
}
}
}
}
AA:flag=true;
if(!flag)
puts("unsolvable");
}
return 0;
}

Ⅳ 兄弟姐妹 幫幫忙啦 跪求A*演算法實例及C語言代碼 最好能加上注釋

A* 是逆矩陣 還是置 忘了

Ⅵ 求一個A*演算法的C語言或C++代碼,小弟不勝感激,謝謝

1#include <iostream>
2#include <queue>
3usingnamespace std;
4
5struct knight{
6int x,y,step;
7int g,h,f;
8booloperator< (const knight & k) const{ //重載比較運算符
9return f > k.f;
10 }
11}k;
12bool visited[8][8]; //已訪問標記(關閉列表)
13int x1,y1,x2,y2,ans; //起點(x1,y1),終點(x2,y2),最少移動次數ans
14int dirs[8][2]={{-2,-1},{-2,1},{2,-1},{2,1},{-1,-2},{-1,2},{1,-2},{1,2}};//8個移動方向
15priority_queue<knight> que; //最小優先順序隊列(開啟列表)
16
17boolin(const knight & a){ //判斷knight是否在棋盤內
18if(a.x<0|| a.y<0|| a.x>=8|| a.y>=8)
19returnfalse;
20returntrue;
21}
22int Heuristic(const knight &a){ //manhattan估價函數
23return (abs(a.x-x2)+abs(a.y-y2))*10;
24}
25void Astar(){ //A*演算法
26 knight t,s;
27while(!que.empty()){
28 t=que.top(),que.pop(),visited[t.x][t.y]=true;
29if(t.x==x2 && t.y==y2){
30 ans=t.step;
31break;
32 }
33for(int i=0;i<8;i++){
34 s.x=t.x+dirs[i][0],s.y=t.y+dirs[i][1];
35if(in(s) &&!visited[s.x][s.y]){
36 s.g = t.g +23; //23表示根號5乘以10再取其ceil
37 s.h = Heuristic(s);
38 s.f = s.g + s.h;
39 s.step = t.step +1;
40 que.push(s);
41 }
42 }
43 }
44}
45int main(){
46char line[5];
47while(gets(line)){
48 x1=line[0]-'a',y1=line[1]-'1',x2=line[3]-'a',y2=line[4]-'1';
49 memset(visited,false,sizeof(visited));
50 k.x=x1,k.y=y1,k.g=k.step=0,k.h=Heuristic(k),k.f=k.g+k.h;
51while(!que.empty()) que.pop();
52 que.push(k);
53 Astar();
54 printf("To get from %c%c to %c%c takes %d knight moves.\n",line[0],line[1],line[3],line[4],ans);
55 }
56return0;
57}
58

Ⅶ 急求用C實現的Apriori演算法的 代碼

http://www.csc.liv.ac.uk/~frans/Notes/KDD/AssocRuleMine/apriori.html

.h
====================================
/*----------------------------------------------------------------------
File : apriori.h
Contents: apriori algorithm for finding frequent item sets
(specialized version for FIMI 2003 workshop)
Author : Christian Borgelt
History : 15.08.2003 file created from normal apriori.c
16.08.2003 parameter for transaction filtering added
18.08.2003 dynamic filtering decision based on times added
21.08.2003 transaction sort changed to heapsort
20.09.2003 output file made optional
----------------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*
Modified by : Frédéric Flouvat
Modifications : store the positive and negative border into an
an input trie for ABS
process stastical informations on dataset to stop
the apriori classical iterations
Author : Frédéric Flouvat
----------------------------------------------------------------------*/
#ifndef APRIRORI_H
#define APRIRORI_H

#include <iostream>
using namespace std;
#define MAXIMAL

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdarg.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <time.h>
#include <assert.h>

#include "tract.h"
#include "istree.h"
#include "Application.h"

/*----------------------------------------------------------------------
Preprocessor Definitions
----------------------------------------------------------------------*/
#define PRGNAME "fim/apriori"
#define DESCRIPTION "frequent item sets miner for FIMI 2003"
#define VERSION "version 1.7 (2003.12.02) " \
"(c) 2003 Christian Borgelt"

/* --- error codes --- */
#define E_OPTION (-5) /* unknown option */
#define E_OPTARG (-6) /* missing option argument */
#define E_ARGCNT (-7) /* too few/many arguments */
#define E_SUPP (-8) /* invalid minimum support */
#define E_NOTAS (-9) /* no items or transactions */
#define E_UNKNOWN (-18) /* unknown error */

#ifndef QUIET /* if not quiet version */
#define MSG(x) x /* print messages */
#else /* if quiet version */
#define MSG(x) /* suppress messages */
#endif

#define SEC_SINCE(t) ((clock()-(t)) /(double)CLOCKS_PER_SEC)
#define RECCNT(s) (tfs_reccnt(is_tfscan(s)) \
+ ((tfs_delim(is_tfscan(s)) == TFS_REC) ? 0 : 1))
#define BUFFER(s) tfs_buf(is_tfscan(s))

/*----------------------------------------------------------------------
Constants
----------------------------------------------------------------------*/
#ifndef QUIET /* if not quiet version */

/* --- error messages --- */
static const char *errmsgs[] = {
/* E_NONE 0 */ "no error\n",
/* E_NOMEM -1 */ "not enough memory\n",
/* E_FOPEN -2 */ "cannot open file %s\n",
/* E_FREAD -3 */ "read error on file %s\n",
/* E_FWRITE -4 */ "write error on file %s\n",
/* E_OPTION -5 */ "unknown option -%c\n",
/* E_OPTARG -6 */ "missing option argument\n",
/* E_ARGCNT -7 */ "wrong number of arguments\n",
/* E_SUPP -8 */ "invalid minimal support %d\n",
/* E_NOTAS -9 */ "no items or transactions to work on\n",
/* -10 to -15 */ NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL,
/* E_ITEMEXP -16 */ "file %s, record %d: item expected\n",
/* E_DUPITEM -17 */ "file %s, record %d: plicate item %s\n",
/* E_UNKNOWN -18 */ "unknown error\n"
};
#endif

/*----------------------------------------------------------------------
Global Variables
----------------------------------------------------------------------*/
#ifndef QUIET
static char *prgname; /* program name for error messages */
#endif
static ITEMSET *itemset = NULL; /* item set */
static TASET *taset = NULL; /* transaction set */
static TATREE *tatree = NULL; /* transaction tree */
static ISTREE *istree = NULL; /* item set tree */
static FILE *in = NULL; /* input file */
static FILE *out = NULL; /* output file */

extern "C" TATREE * apriori( char*fn_in, char*fn_out, int supp, int & level,
Trie * bdPapriori, Trie * bdn, set<Element> * relist, double ratioNfC, double & eps, int ismax,
vector< unsigned int > * stat, int & maxBdP, bool & generatedFk, bool verbose ) ;

#endif

.c
============================================
/*----------------------------------------------------------------------
File : apriori.c
Contents: apriori algorithm for finding frequent item sets
(specialized version for FIMI 2003 workshop)
Author : Christian Borgelt
History : 15.08.2003 file created from normal apriori.c
16.08.2003 parameter for transaction filtering added
18.08.2003 dynamic filtering decision based on times added
21.08.2003 transaction sort changed to heapsort
20.09.2003 output file made optional
----------------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*
Modified by : Frédéric Flouvat
Modifications : store the positive and negative border into an
an input trie for ABS
process stastical informations on dataset to stop
the apriori classical iterations
Author : Frédéric Flouvat
----------------------------------------------------------------------*/

#include "apriori.h"

/*----------------------------------------------------------------------
Main Functions
----------------------------------------------------------------------*/

static void error (int code, ...)
{ /* --- print an error message */
#ifndef QUIET /* if not quiet version */
va_list args; /* list of variable arguments */
const char *msg; /* error message */

assert(prgname); /* check the program name */
if (code < E_UNKNOWN) code = E_UNKNOWN;
if (code < 0) { /* if to report an error, */
msg = errmsgs[-code]; /* get the error message */
if (!msg) msg = errmsgs[-E_UNKNOWN];
fprintf(stderr, "\n%s: ", prgname);
va_start(args, code); /* get variable arguments */
vfprintf(stderr, msg, args);/* print error message */
va_end(args); /* end argument evaluation */
}
#endif
#ifndef NDEBUG /* if debug version */
if (istree) ist_delete(istree);
if (tatree) tat_delete(tatree);
if (taset) tas_delete(taset, 0);
if (itemset) is_delete(itemset);
if (in) fclose(in); /* clean up memory */
if (out) fclose(out); /* and close files */
#endif
exit(code); /* abort the program */
} /* error() */

/*--------------------------------------------------------------------*/

TATREE * apriori( char*fn_in, char*fn_out, int supp, int & level, Trie * bdPapriori,
Trie * bdn , set<Element> * relist , double ratioNfC, double & eps,int ismax,
vector< unsigned int > * stat, int & maxBdP, bool & generatedFk, bool verbose )
{
int i, k, n; /* loop variables, counters */
int tacnt = 0; /* number of transactions */
int max = 0; /* maximum transaction size */
int empty = 1; /* number of empty item sets */
int *map, *set; /* identifier map, item set */
char *usage; /* flag vector for item usage */
clock_t t, tt, tc, x; /* timer for measurements */

double actNfC = 1 ;
double avgNfC = 0 ;
int nbgen = 0 ;
int nbfreq = 0 ;
level = 1 ;
bool endApriori = false ; // boolean to stop the initial classial apriori approach
int bdnsize = 0 ; // number of itemsets found infrequent

/* --- create item set and transaction set --- */
itemset = is_create(); /* create an item set and */
if (!itemset) error(E_NOMEM); /* set the special characters */
taset = tas_create(itemset); /* create a transaction set */
if (!taset) error(E_NOMEM); /* to store the transactions */
if( verbose ) MSG(fprintf(stderr, "\n")); /* terminate the startup message */

/* --- read transactions --- */
if( verbose )MSG(fprintf(stderr, "reading %s ... ", fn_in));
t = clock(); /* start the timer and */
in = fopen(fn_in, "r"); /* open the input file */
if (!in) error(E_FOPEN, fn_in);
for (tacnt = 0; 1; tacnt++) { /* transaction read loop */
k = is_read(itemset, in); /* read the next transaction */
if (k < 0) error(k, fn_in, RECCNT(itemset), BUFFER(itemset));
if (k > 0) break; /* check for error and end of file */
k = is_tsize(itemset); /* update the maximal */
if (k > max) max = k; /* transaction size */
if (taset && (tas_add(taset, NULL, 0) != 0))
error(E_NOMEM); /* add the loaded transaction */
} /* to the transaction set */
fclose(in); in = NULL; /* close the input file */
n = is_cnt(itemset); /* get the number of items */
if( verbose ) MSG(fprintf(stderr, "[%d item(s),", n));
if( verbose ) MSG(fprintf(stderr, " %d transaction(s)] done ", tacnt));
if( verbose ) MSG(fprintf(stderr, "[%.2fs].\n", SEC_SINCE(t)));

/* --- sort and recode items --- */
if( verbose ) MSG(fprintf(stderr, "sorting and recoding items ... "));
t = clock(); /* start the timer */
map = (int*)malloc(is_cnt(itemset) *sizeof(int));
if (!map) error(E_NOMEM); /* create an item identifier map */
n = is_recode(itemset, supp, 2, map); /* 2: sorting mode */
tas_recode(taset, map, n); /* recode the loaded transactions */
max = tas_max(taset); /* get the new maximal t.a. size */

// use in the other part of the implementation to have the corresponding
// identifiant to an internal id
stat->reserve( n+2 ) ;
stat->push_back( 0 ) ;
for(int j= 0; j< n ; j++ )
{
stat->push_back( 0 ) ;
relist->insert( Element( atoi( is_name( itemset, j ) ) ,j) );
}

if( verbose ) MSG(fprintf(stderr, "[%d item(s)] ", n));
if( verbose ) MSG(fprintf(stderr, "done [%.2fs].\n", SEC_SINCE(t)));

/* --- create a transaction tree --- */
if( verbose ) MSG(fprintf(stderr, "creating transaction tree ... "));
t = clock(); /* start the timer */
tatree = tat_create(taset,1); /* create a transaction tree */
if (!tatree) error(E_NOMEM); /* (compactify transactions) */
tt = clock() -t; /* note the construction time */
if( verbose ) MSG(fprintf(stderr, "done [%.2fs].\n", SEC_SINCE(t)));

/* --- create an item set tree --- */
if( verbose ) MSG(fprintf(stderr, "checking subsets of size 1"));
t = clock(); tc = 0; /* start the timer and */
istree = ist_create(n, supp); /* create an item set tree */
if (!istree) error(E_NOMEM);
for (k = n; --k >= 0; ) /* set single item frequencies */
ist_setcnt(istree, k, is_getfrq(itemset, k));
ist_settac(istree, tacnt); /* set the number of transactions */
usage = (char*)malloc(n *sizeof(char));
if (!usage) error(E_NOMEM); /* create a item usage vector */

/* --- check item subsets --- */
while (ist_height(istree) < max && ( ( ismax == -1 && endApriori == false )
|| ist_height(istree) < ismax )
)
{
nbgen = 0 ;
nbfreq = 0 ;

level ++ ;

i = ist_check(istree,usage);/* check current item usage */

if (i < max) max = i; /* update the maximum set size */
if (ist_height(istree) >= i) break;

k = ist_addlvl(istree, nbgen); /* while max. height is not reached, */

if (k < 0) error(E_NOMEM); /* add a level to the item set tree */
if (k != 0) break; /* if no level was added, abort */
if( verbose ) MSG(fprintf(stderr, " %d", ist_height(istree)));
if ((i < n) /* check item usage on current level */
&& (i *(double)tt < 0.1 *n *tc)) {
n = i; x = clock(); /* if items were removed and */
tas_filter(taset, usage); /* the counting time is long enough, */
tat_delete(tatree); /* remove unnecessary items */
tatree = tat_create(taset, 1);
if (!tatree) error(E_NOMEM);
tt = clock() -x; /* rebuild the transaction tree and */
} /* note the new construction time */
x = clock(); /* start the timer */

ist_countx(istree, tatree, nbfreq, istree->supp ); /* count the transaction tree */

tc = clock() -x; /* in the item set tree */

actNfC = 1-double(nbfreq)/double(nbgen) ;
avgNfC = avgNfC + actNfC ;

if( verbose )
{
cout<<" \t Fk : "<<nbfreq<<" Ck : "<<nbgen<<" NFk/Ck "<<actNfC<<" avg NFk/Ck "<<avgNfC/(level-1)<<endl;
}

bdnsize += nbgen - nbfreq ;

if( level >=4 && ( bdnsize / nbgen < 1.5 ) && ( bdnsize > 100 ) )
{
if( actNfC < ratioNfC )
{
eps = 0 ;
endApriori = true ;
}
else if( actNfC > 0.25 )
endApriori = true ;

}

} /* and note the new counting time */
if( verbose ) MSG(fprintf(stderr, " done [%.2fs].\n", SEC_SINCE(t)));

/* --- filter item sets --- */
t = clock(); /* start the timer */
#ifdef MAXIMAL /* filter maximal item sets */
if( verbose ) MSG(fprintf(stderr, "filtering maximal item sets ... "));

if( ratioNfC == 0 || nbgen < k+1 || ist_height(istree)>= max )
ist_filter2(istree, IST_MAXFRQ, 0);
else
ist_filter2(istree, IST_MAXFRQ, bdn);

if( verbose ) MSG(fprintf(stderr, " done [%.2fs].\n", SEC_SINCE(t)));
empty = (n <= 0) ? 1 : 0; /* check whether the empty item set */
#endif /* is maximal */
#ifdef CLOSED /* filter closed item sets */
if( verbose ) MSG(fprintf(stderr, "filtering closed item sets ... "));
ist_filter(istree, IST_CLOSED);
if( verbose ) MSG(fprintf(stderr, " done [%.2fs].\n", SEC_SINCE(t)));
for (k = n; --k >= 0; ) /* check for an item in all t.a. */
if (is_getfrq(itemset, k) == tacnt) break;
empty = (k <= 0) ? 1 : 0; /* check whether the empty item set */
#endif /* is closed */

/* --- print item sets --- */
for (i = ist_height(istree); --i >= 0; )
map[i] = 0; /* clear the item set counters */
if( verbose ) MSG(fprintf(stderr, "writing %s ... ", (fn_out) ? fn_out : "<none>"));
t = clock(); /* start the timer and */
if (fn_out) { /* if an output file is given, */
out = fopen(fn_out, "w"); /* open the output file */
if (!out) error(E_FOPEN, fn_out);
if (empty) fprintf(out, " (%d)\n", tacnt);
} /* report empty item set */
ist_init(istree); /* init. the item set extraction */
set = is_tract(itemset); /* get the transaction buffer */
for (n = empty; 1; n++) { /* extract item sets from the tree */

k = ist_set(istree, set, &supp);

if (k <= 0) break; /* get the next frequent item set */
map[k-1]++; /* count the item set */
if (fn_out) { /* if an output file is given */
for (i = 0; i < k; i++) { /* traverse the items */
fputs(is_name(itemset, set[i]), out);
fputc(' ', out); /* print the name of the next item */
} /* followed by a separator */
fprintf(out, "(%d)\n", supp);
} /* print the item set's support */
else
{
short unsigned * is = new short unsigned[k] ;

for (i = 0; i < k; i++) /* traverse the items */
{
is[i] = set[i] ;
}
if( k < level || nbgen < k+1 || ist_height(istree)>= max )
{
bdPapriori->insert(is, k ,supp ) ;

(*stat)[ 0 ] ++;
(*stat)[ k+1 ]++;

if( maxBdP < k )
maxBdP = k ;

}
else
{
generatedFk = true ;

}

delete[] is;

}
}
if (fn_out) { /* if an output file is given */
if (fflush(out) != 0) error(E_FWRITE, fn_out);
if (out != stdout) fclose(out);
out = NULL; /* close the output file */
}
if( verbose ) MSG(fprintf(stderr, "[%d set(s)] done ", n));
if( verbose ) MSG(fprintf(stderr, "[%.2fs].\n", SEC_SINCE(t)));

/* --- print item set statistics --- */
k = ist_height(istree); /* find last nonzero counter */
if ((k > 0) && (map[k-1] <= 0)) k--;
if( verbose ){
printf("%d\n", empty); /* print the numbers of item sets */
for (i = 0; i < k; i++) printf("%d\n", map[i]);
}

/* --- clean up --- */
#ifndef NDEBUG /* if this is a debug version */
free(usage); /* delete the item usage vector */
free(map); /* and the identifier map */
ist_delete(istree); /* delete the item set tree, */

if (taset) tas_delete(taset, 0); /* the transaction set, */
is_delete(itemset); /* and the item set */
#endif

return tatree ;

}

Ⅷ 求A* 演算法C語言源程序

#include <string.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <malloc.h>
#include <time.h>
#define NULL 0

const int nmax = 200;
const int nend = 99; /*終點坐標的代表點*/
static char achar[10][10];
static int npayo = 0; /*0 表示空 1為非空*/
static int npayc = 0; /*0 表示空 1為非空*/
static int npay_x = 0; /*起點*/
static int npay_y = 0;
static int nend_x = 9; /*終點*/
static int nend_y = 9;
static int nnewpay_x;
static int nnewpay_y;
static int ndian = 101;
static int nh;
static long i = 10000000L;

struct Spaydian
{
int ng;
int nf; /*路徑評分*/
int nmy_x; /*自己位置*/
int nmy_y;
int nfatherx; /*父節點*/
int nfathery;
int nflag; /* 0 wei O; 1 wei @ */
};
static struct Spaydian spaydian[200];

/* open close list 表 */
typedef struct spaylist
{
int n_f;
int n_x;
int n_y;
int nfather_x;
int nfather_y;
struct spaylist *next;
};
static struct spaylist *open_list, *close_list;

static void smline();
static int sjudge(int nx,int ny,int i); /*判斷在第nx列ny行向第i個方向走是否可以,可以返回1否則返回0。
i=1表示向右,2表示向下,3表示向左,4表示向上*/
static void spath();
static void spayshow(int nxx,int nyy);
static int sifopen( int nx,int ny); /*判斷點是否在 open 表上*/
static int sifclose(int nx,int ny); /*判斷點是否在 close 表上*/
static int snewx(int nx,int i);
static int snewy(int ny,int i);
static spaylist *creat(); /*建立鏈表*/
static spaylist *del(spaylist *head,int num_x,int num_y); /*刪除鏈表的結點*/
static spaylist *snewdianx(spaylist *head);/*新的點*/
static spaylist *snewdiany(spaylist *head);
static spaylist *insert(spaylist *head,int ndian); /* 點插入鏈表 */
static spaylist *srebirth(spaylist *head,int ndian); /*更新表*/

int main()
{
FILE *fp ;
char ach ;
int ni = 0 ; /*統計個數*/
int nii = 0; /*achar[nii][njj]*/
int njj = 0;
if ((fp=fopen("route.txt","rt")) == NULL) /* 判斷打開文件是否為空 */
{
printf("文件為空!~\n");
return 0;
/* exit(1);*/
}
ach = fgetc(fp);
while(ach != EOF)
{
if(ach == 'O' || ach == '@') /*當值為@或O時候*/
{
spaydian[ni].ng = 0;
spaydian[ni].nf = nmax;
spaydian[ni].nmy_x = njj;
spaydian[ni].nmy_y = nii;
spaydian[ni].nfathery = -1;
spaydian[ni].nfatherx = -1;
if(ach == '@')
{
spaydian[ni].nflag = 1;
}
else if(ach == 'O')
{
spaydian[ni].nflag = 0;
}
ni++;
achar[nii][njj] = ach;
njj++;
if(njj == 10)
{
nii++;
njj = 0;
}
} /*end if*/
ach = fgetc(fp);
}/*end while*/
smline(); /* a*演算法 */
fp=fopen("answer.txt","w");
for(int i=0;i<10;i++ )
{ for(int j=0;j<10;j++ )
{
printf("%c",achar[i][j]);
if(j==9)
printf("\n");
fprintf(fp,"%c",achar[i][j]);
if (j==9)
fprintf(fp,"\n");
}
}
fclose(fp);
return 0;
}

/* a* 演算法 */
static void smline()
{ close_list = open_list = NULL;
open_list = creat();
while(open_list != NULL) /* 當open 表不為空時 */
{
open_list = del(open_list,npay_x,npay_y); /*刪除open 鏈表的結點*/
if(npay_x == 9 && npay_y == 9)
{

achar[9][9] = '=';
spath(); /*尋找並畫出路徑*/
break;
}
for (int i=1; i<=4; i++) /*四個方向逐個行走,i=1向右 2向下 3向左 4向上*/
{
if (sjudge(npay_x,npay_y,i))
{

nnewpay_x = snewx(npay_x,i);
nnewpay_y = snewy(npay_y,i);
if(open_list != NULL)
npayo = sifopen(nnewpay_x,nnewpay_y) ; /*判斷點是否在 open 表中*/
else
npayo = 0;

if(close_list != NULL)
npayc = sifclose(nnewpay_x,nnewpay_y) ; /*判斷點是否在 close 表中*/
else
npayc = 0;
ndian = 10*nnewpay_x+nnewpay_y ;

if (npayo == 0 && npayc == 0 ) /*點不在open表也不在close表中*/
{
spaydian[ndian].ng = spaydian[10*npay_x+npay_y].ng + 1; /*更新點的基本信息*/
nh = (nend - ndian)/10 + (nend - ndian)%10 ;
spaydian[ndian].nf = spaydian[ndian].ng+nh;
spaydian[ndian].nfathery = npay_y;
spaydian[ndian].nfatherx = npay_x;
spaydian[ndian].nmy_y = nnewpay_y;
spaydian[ndian].nmy_x = nnewpay_x;

open_list = insert(open_list,ndian);/*點插入open 表中*/
}
else if (npayo == 1) /*點在open表中*/
{
spaydian[ndian].ng = spaydian[10*npay_x+npay_y].ng + 1;
nh = (nend - ndian)/10 + (nend - ndian)%10 ;
if(spaydian[ndian].nf > (spaydian[ndian].ng+nh) && spaydian[ndian].nf != nmax)
{
spaydian[ndian].nf = spaydian[ndian].ng+nh;
open_list = srebirth(open_list,ndian); /*點插入open 表中*/
}
}
else if(npayc == 1) /*新生成的點在close表中*/
{
spaydian[ndian].ng = spaydian[10*npay_x+npay_y].ng + 1;
nh = (nend - ndian)/10 + (nend - ndian)%10 ;
if(spaydian[ndian].nf > (spaydian[ndian].ng+nh) && spaydian[ndian].nf != nmax)
{
spaydian[ndian].nf = spaydian[ndian].ng+nh;
close_list = srebirth(close_list,ndian);
close_list = del(close_list,nnewpay_x,nnewpay_y); /*刪除close鏈表的結點*/
open_list = insert(open_list,ndian);/*點插入open 表中*/
}
}/*end else if*/
}/*end if*/
}/*end for*/
close_list = insert(close_list,(10*npay_x+npay_y));/*點插入close 表中*/
if(open_list != NULL)
{
npay_x = open_list->n_x;
npay_y = open_list->n_y;
}

}/*end while*/
if(open_list == NULL)
{printf("無路可走 \n");}
}

/*建立鏈表*/
spaylist *creat(void)
{
spaylist *head;
spaylist *p1;
int n=0;
p1=(spaylist*)malloc(sizeof(spaylist));
p1->n_f = 18;
p1->n_x = 0;
p1->n_y = 0;
p1->nfather_x = -1;
p1->nfather_x = -1;
p1->next = NULL;
head = NULL;
head=p1;
return(head);
}

/*刪除結點*/
spaylist *del(spaylist *head,int num_x,int num_y)
{
spaylist *p1, *p2;
if(head == NULL)
{
printf("\nlist null!\n");
return (head);
}
p1 = head;
while((num_y != p1->n_y ||num_x != p1->n_x )&& p1->next != NULL)
{
p2=p1;
p1=p1->next;
}
if(num_x == p1->n_x && num_y == p1->n_y )
{
if(p1==head)
head=p1->next;
else
p2->next=p1->next;
}

return (head);
}

/*輸出*/
static void spath()
{
int nxx;
int nyy;
nxx = spaydian[nend].nfatherx;
nyy = spaydian[nend].nfathery;

spayshow(nxx,nyy) ;
}

/*遞歸*/
void spayshow(int nxx,int nyy)
{ achar[nxx][nyy] = '=';
if( nxx != 0 || nyy != 0 )
{
int nxxyy = 10*nxx+nyy;
nxx = spaydian[nxxyy].nfatherx;
nyy = spaydian[nxxyy].nfathery;
spayshow(nxx,nyy);
}
}

/* 判斷周圍四個點是否可行 */
static int sjudge(int nx,int ny,int i)
{
if (i==1) /*判斷向右可否行走*/
{
if (achar[nx][ny+1]=='O' && ny<9)
{
return 1;
}
else
return 0;
}
else if (i==2) /*判斷向下可否行走*/
{
if (achar[nx+1][ny]=='O' && nx<9)
{
return 1;
}
else
return 0;
}
else if (i==3)/*判斷向左可否行走 */
{
if (ny > 0&&achar[nx][ny-1]=='O')
{
return 1;
}
else
return 0;
}
else if (i==4)/*判斷向上可否行走 */
{
if (nx > 0&&achar[nx-1][ny]=='O')
{
return 1;
}
else
return 0;
}
else
return 0;
}

/* 求新的x點 */
static int snewx(int nx,int i)
{
if(i == 1)
nx = nx;
else if(i == 2)
nx = nx+1;
else if(i == 3)
nx = nx;
else if(i == 4)
nx = nx-1;
return nx;
}
/* 求新的y點 */
static int snewy(int ny, int i)
{
if(i == 1)
ny = ny+1;
else if(i == 2)
ny = ny;
else if(i == 3)
ny = ny-1;
else if(i == 4)
ny = ny;
return ny;
}

/*判定點是否在open表中*/
int sifopen(int nx,int ny)
{
spaylist *p1, *p2;
p1 = open_list;
while((ny != p1->n_y || nx != p1->n_x )&& p1->next != NULL)
{
p2 = p1;
p1 = p1->next;
}
if(nx == p1->n_x && ny == p1->n_y)
return 1;
else
return 0;
}

/*判定點是否在close表中*/
int sifclose(int nx,int ny)
{

spaylist *p1, *p2;
p1 = close_list;
while((ny != p1->n_y ||nx != p1->n_x )&& p1->next != NULL)
{
p2=p1;
p1=p1->next;
}
if(nx == p1->n_x && ny == p1->n_y)
return 1;
else
return 0;
}

/*插入結點*/
spaylist * insert(spaylist *head,int ndian)
{
spaylist *p0,*p1,*p2;
p1=head;
p0=(spaylist*)malloc(sizeof(spaylist));
p0->n_f = spaydian[ndian].nf;
p0->n_x = spaydian[ndian].nmy_x;
p0->n_y = spaydian[ndian].nmy_y;
p0->nfather_x = spaydian[ndian].nfatherx;
p0->nfather_x = spaydian[ndian].nfathery;
p0->next = NULL;
if(head==NULL)
{
head=p0;
p0->next=NULL;
}
else
{
while((p0->n_f > p1->n_f)&&(p1->next!=NULL))
{
p2=p1;
p1=p1->next;
}
if(p0->n_f <= p1->n_f)
{
if(head==p1)
head=p0;
else
p2->next=p0;
p0->next=p1;
}
else
{
p1->next=p0;
p0->next=NULL;
}
}
return (head);
}

/* 更新鏈表 */
spaylist * srebirth(spaylist *head,int ndian)
{
spaylist *p1, *p2;
p1=head;
while(spaydian[ndian].nmy_x!=p1->n_x&&spaydian[ndian].nmy_x!=p1->n_x&&p1->next!=NULL)
{
p2=p1;
p1=p1->next;
}
if(spaydian[ndian].nmy_x==p1->n_x&&spaydian[ndian].nmy_x==p1->n_x)
{
p1->n_f = spaydian[ndian].nf;
}
return (head);
}

Ⅸ A*搜尋演算法的代碼實現(C語言實現)

用C語言實現A*最短路徑搜索演算法,作者 Tittup frog(跳跳蛙)。 #include<stdio.h>#include<math.h>#defineMaxLength100 //用於優先隊列(Open表)的數組#defineHeight15 //地圖高度#defineWidth20 //地圖寬度#defineReachable0 //可以到達的結點#defineBar1 //障礙物#definePass2 //需要走的步數#defineSource3 //起點#defineDestination4 //終點#defineSequential0 //順序遍歷#defineNoSolution2 //無解決方案#defineInfinity0xfffffff#defineEast(1<<0)#defineSouth_East(1<<1)#defineSouth(1<<2)#defineSouth_West(1<<3)#defineWest(1<<4)#defineNorth_West(1<<5)#defineNorth(1<<6)#defineNorth_East(1<<7)typedefstruct{ signedcharx,y;}Point;constPointdir[8]={ {0,1},//East {1,1},//South_East {1,0},//South {1,-1},//South_West {0,-1},//West {-1,-1},//North_West {-1,0},//North {-1,1}//North_East};unsignedcharwithin(intx,inty){ return(x>=0&&y>=0 &&x<Height&&y<Width);}typedefstruct{ intx,y; unsignedcharreachable,sur,value;}MapNode;typedefstructClose{ MapNode*cur; charvis; structClose*from; floatF,G; intH;}Close;typedefstruct//優先隊列(Open表){ intlength; //當前隊列的長度 Close*Array[MaxLength]; //評價結點的指針}Open;staticMapNodegraph[Height][Width];staticintsrcX,srcY,dstX,dstY; //起始點、終點staticCloseclose[Height][Width];//優先隊列基本操作voidinitOpen(Open*q) //優先隊列初始化{ q->length=0; //隊內元素數初始為0}voidpush(Open*q,Closecls[Height][Width],intx,inty,floatg){ //向優先隊列(Open表)中添加元素 Close*t; inti,mintag; cls[x][y].G=g; //所添加節點的坐標 cls[x][y].F=cls[x][y].G+cls[x][y].H; q->Array[q->length++]=&(cls[x][y]); mintag=q->length-1; for(i=0;i<q->length-1;i++) { if(q->Array[i]->F<q->Array[mintag]->F) { mintag=i; } } t=q->Array[q->length-1]; q->Array[q->length-1]=q->Array[mintag]; q->Array[mintag]=t; //將評價函數值最小節點置於隊頭}Close*shift(Open*q){ returnq->Array[--q->length];}//地圖初始化操作voidinitClose(Closecls[Height][Width],intsx,intsy,intdx,intdy){ //地圖Close表初始化配置 inti,j; for(i=0;i<Height;i++) { for(j=0;j<Width;j++) { cls[i][j].cur=&graph[i][j]; //Close表所指節點 cls[i][j].vis=!graph[i][j].reachable; //是否被訪問 cls[i][j].from=NULL; //所來節點 cls[i][j].G=cls[i][j].F=0; cls[i][j].H=abs(dx-i)+abs(dy-j); //評價函數值 } } cls[sx][sy].F=cls[sx][sy].H; //起始點評價初始值 // cls[sy][sy].G=0; //移步花費代價值 cls[dx][dy].G=Infinity;}voidinitGraph(constintmap[Height][Width],intsx,intsy,intdx,intdy){ //地圖發生變化時重新構造地 inti,j; srcX=sx; //起點X坐標 srcY=sy; //起點Y坐標 dstX=dx; //終點X坐標 dstY=dy; //終點Y坐標 for(i=0;i<Height;i++) { for(j=0;j<Width;j++) { graph[i][j].x=i;//地圖坐標X graph[i][j].y=j;//地圖坐標Y graph[i][j].value=map[i][j]; graph[i][j].reachable=(graph[i][j].value==Reachable); //節點可到達性 graph[i][j].sur=0;//鄰接節點個數 if(!graph[i][j].reachable) { continue; } if(j>0) { if(graph[i][j-1].reachable) //left節點可以到達 { graph[i][j].sur|=West; graph[i][j-1].sur|=East; } if(i>0) { if(graph[i-1][j-1].reachable &&graph[i-1][j].reachable &&graph[i][j-1].reachable) //up-left節點可以到達 { graph[i][j].sur|=North_West; graph[i-1][j-1].sur|=South_East; } } } if(i>0) { if(graph[i-1][j].reachable) //up節點可以到達 { graph[i][j].sur|=North; graph[i-1][j].sur|=South; } if(j<Width-1) { if(graph[i-1][j+1].reachable &&graph[i-1][j].reachable &&map[i][j+1]==Reachable)//up-right節點可以到達 { graph[i][j].sur|=North_East; graph[i-1][j+1].sur|=South_West; } } } } }}intbfs(){ inttimes=0; inti,curX,curY,surX,surY; unsignedcharf=0,r=1; Close*p; Close*q[MaxLength]={&close[srcX][srcY]}; initClose(close,srcX,srcY,dstX,dstY); close[srcX][srcY].vis=1; while(r!=f) { p=q[f]; f=(f+1)%MaxLength; curX=p->cur->x; curY=p->cur->y; for(i=0;i<8;i++) { if(!(p->cur->sur&(1<<i))) { continue; } surX=curX+dir[i].x; surY=curY+dir[i].y; if(!close[surX][surY].vis) { close[surX][surY].from=p; close[surX][surY].vis=1; close[surX][surY].G=p->G+1; q[r]=&close[surX][surY]; r=(r+1)%MaxLength; } } times++; } returntimes;}intastar(){ //A*演算法遍歷 //inttimes=0; inti,curX,curY,surX,surY; floatsurG; Openq;//Open表 Close*p; initOpen(&q); initClose(close,srcX,srcY,dstX,dstY); close[srcX][srcY].vis=1; push(&q,close,srcX,srcY,0); while(q.length) { //times++; p=shift(&q); curX=p->cur->x; curY=p->cur->y; if(!p->H) { returnSequential; } for(i=0;i<8;i++) { if(!(p->cur->sur&(1<<i))) { continue; } surX=curX+dir[i].x; surY=curY+dir[i].y; if(!close[surX][surY].vis) { close[surX][surY].vis=1; close[surX][surY].from=p; surG=p->G+sqrt((curX-surX)*(curX-surX)+(curY-surY)*(curY-surY)); push(&q,close,surX,surY,surG); } } } //printf("times:%d ",times); returnNoSolution;//無結果}constintmap[Height][Width]={ {0,0,0,0,0,1,0,0,0,1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1,1}, {0,0,1,1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1}, {0,0,0,0,0,0,1,0,0,0,0,0,0,1,1,0,0,0,0,1}, {0,0,0,0,0,1,0,1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0}, {0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1,0,0,0,0,0,0,1,0,1}, {0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0}, {0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0}, {0,0,0,0,0,1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0}, {0,0,0,1,0,0,0,0,0,1,1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0}, {0,0,0,0,0,0,1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0}, {0,1,1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0}, {0,0,0,0,1,0,0,1,0,0,0,0,1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0}, {0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1,1,0}, {0,1,0,0,0,0,1,0,0,0,0,0,0,1,0,1,0,0,0,1}, {0,0,0,0,1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1,0,0,0,0,0}};constcharSymbol[5][3]={"□","▓","▽","☆","◎"};voidprintMap(){ inti,j; for(i=0;i<Height;i++) { for(j=0;j<Width;j++) { printf("%s",Symbol[graph[i][j].value]); } puts(""); } puts("");}Close*getShortest(){ //獲取最短路徑 intresult=astar(); Close*p,*t,*q=NULL; switch(result) { caseSequential: //順序最近 p=&(close[dstX][dstY]); while(p) //轉置路徑 { t=p->from; p->from=q; q=p; p=t; } close[srcX][srcY].from=q->from; return&(close[srcX][srcY]); caseNoSolution: returnNULL; } returnNULL;}staticClose*start;staticintshortestep;intprintShortest(){ Close*p; intstep=0; p=getShortest(); start=p; if(!p) { return0; } else { while(p->from) { graph[p->cur->x][p->cur->y].value=Pass; printf("(%d,%d)→ ",p->cur->x,p->cur->y); p=p->from; step++; } printf("(%d,%d) ",p->cur->x,p->cur->y); graph[srcX][srcY].value=Source; graph[dstX][dstY].value=Destination; returnstep; }}voidclearMap(){ //ClearMapMarksofSteps Close*p=start; while(p) { graph[p->cur->x][p->cur->y].value=Reachable; p=p->from; } graph[srcX][srcY].value=map[srcX][srcY]; graph[dstX][dstY].value=map[dstX][dstY];}voidprintDepth(){ inti,j; for(i=0;i<Height;i++) { for(j=0;j<Width;j++) { if(map[i][j]) { printf("%s",Symbol[graph[i][j].value]); } else { printf("%2.0lf",close[i][j].G); } } puts(""); } puts("");}voidprintSur(){ inti,j; for(i=0;i<Height;i++) { for(j=0;j<Width;j++) { printf("%02x",graph[i][j].sur); } puts(""); } puts("");}voidprintH(){ inti,j; for(i=0;i<Height;i++) { for(j=0;j<Width;j++) { printf("%02d",close[i][j].H); } puts(""); } puts("");}intmain(intargc,constchar**argv){ initGraph(map,0,0,0,0); printMap(); while(scanf("%d%d%d%d",&srcX,&srcY,&dstX,&dstY)!=EOF) { if(within(srcX,srcY)&&within(dstX,dstY)) { if(shortestep=printShortest()) { printf("從(%d,%d)到(%d,%d)的最短步數是:%d ", srcX,srcY,dstX,dstY,shortestep); printMap(); clearMap(); bfs(); //printDepth(); puts((shortestep==close[dstX][dstY].G)?"正確":"錯誤"); clearMap(); } else { printf("從(%d,%d)不可到達(%d,%d) ", srcX,srcY,dstX,dstY); } } else { puts("輸入錯誤!"); } } return(0);}

Ⅹ 用C實現apriori基本演算法的代碼

Apriori演算法的實現,關鍵是建立其數學模型.以前我寫作業時,設計的數據結構如下:
#include<stdio.h>
#include<string.h>
#include<malloc.h>
#define ITEM_NAME_LENGTH 20
#define MIN_SUPPORT 2
//項集結構
struct ITEMSET
{
char itemName[ITEM_NAME_LENGTH];
struct ITEMSET *next;
};
//資料庫結構
struct TRANSACTION
{
unsigned int tranID;
struct ITEMSET *itemPoint;
struct TRANSACTION *next;
};
//大項目集結構
struct BIGITEMSET
{
struct ITEMSET *itemPoint;
unsigned int count;
struct BIGITEMSET *next;
};
//以下是資料庫
char *tran1[3]={"1","3","4"};
char *tran2[3]={"2","3","5"};
char *tran3[4]={"1","2","3","5"};
char *tran4[2]={"2","5"};
//以下是變數聲明
struct TRANSACTION *tranHead;
struct BIGITEMSET *bigHead;
struct BIGITEMSET *test;
struct BIGITEMSET *subSetHeadC1,*subSetHeadC2;
當真正理解該演算法後,再寫程序並不難.

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